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Resilience and Growth in the Horn
Global Alliance for Action for Drought Resilience & Growth
In April 2012, the Global Alliance for Action for Drought Resilience and Growth was launched with African governments and international partners to strengthen a shared commitment to build resilience in areas in the Horn of Africa plagued by chronic crisis.  The purpose of the group is to work with local leadership to change the way the international community does business and put resilience at the heart of development efforts in the Horn of Africa and Sahel.  The Global Alliance is charged with articulating and institutionalizing a common vision of improved communication, coordination, and collaboration within and between its member organizations to increase aid effectiveness in drought-prone areas of the Horn of Africa and the Sahel.  The group will reconvene later in 2012 to assess progress.
Horn of Africa
Following below-average 2011 spring rains in the eastern Horn of Africa that were widely regarded as the worst in 60 years, food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas sharply deteriorated. At its height, drought in the Horn of Africa, coupled with conflict in Somalia, affected over 13 million people. In southern Somalia, 20 years of conflict wore down the country's ability to cope, and the drought led to a famine. At least three of every 10 children there were malnourished, and two out of every 10,000 people were dying each day. One in five lacked access to basic foods like bread or rice.
Across the Sahel region, there are currently more than 18 million people impacted by drought, poor harvests, rising food prices and conflict. Similar to the situation in the Horn of Africa, the Sahel is experiencing a shortening of the gap between hunger crises, with major events in 2005, 2008, 2010, and 2012 undermining the coping abilities of the region's population and leaving an estimated 20% of the population (12 million people) perpetually at risk.  On June 18, 2012, the European Union launched a new partnership to strengthen resilience from future crises in the Sahel.  The initiative, called Alliance Globale pour l'Initiative Resilience (AGIR Sahel), seeks to ensure that the people in the Sahel can better cope with future droughts.