Global Alliance for Action for Resilience to Droughts and Growth

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Context

In April 2012, the World Alliance for Action for Resilience to Droughts and Growth was launched in collaboration with African governments and international partners to build a common commitment to build resilience in areas of Horn of Africa where rampant chronic crises. The group's goal is to work together with local leaders in order to change the way the international community operates and place resilience at the heart of development efforts in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel. The Global Alliance aims to develop and institutionalize a common vision to improve communication, coordination and collaboration within and between its member organizations to increase the effectiveness of aid in areas prone to droughts in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel. The group will meet again in late 2012 to assess progress.

Horn of Africa

After spring rains that were below average in 2011 and considered the worst in 60 years in the eastern region of the Horn of Africa, food security among farmers and populations in marginal agricultural areas s' deteriorated considerably. At its height, the drought in the Horn of Africa ally the conflict in Somalia has affected 13 million people. In southern Somalia, the 20 years of conflict have weakened the country's ability to cope with drought and famine resulted. At least three in ten children suffer from malnutrition and two of 10 000 people die every day. One in five people lack access to basic foods like bread or rice.

Sahel

Across the Sahel region, there are currently over 18 million people affected by drought, poor harvest, soaring food prices and conflict. Like the situation in the Horn of Africa, the Sahel suffered a reduction in the gap between the food crisis and the major events of 2005, 2008, 2010 and 2012 have undermined people's adaptive capabilities the region and have about 20% of the population (12 million people) perpetually at risk. June 18, 2012, the EU launched a new partnership to strengthen resilience to future crises in the Sahel. The initiative called the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative (ACT) seeks to ensure that the people of the Sahel are better able to cope with future droughts.